Imagine your farm with driverless tractors and drones, where you don’t need to stress on searching labors for weeding, fertilize the field and monitor the farm products. With the increasing pressure on land, researchers and scientists are now emphasizing on technology that are more robust which enhance productivity, increase profitability and are sustainable. In this global digital age farmers are now changing their pattern of farming and started adapting technology in the first place. Farmland are now managed by precision methods which include sensor systems, cameras, drones, microphones, virtual field maps, analytics and GPS guided tractors.
The precision model N sensor analyze the color of growing crops which calculates the chlorophyll content of field and analyze the fertilizer requirement in the specific part of field. This kind of sophisticated technology is favorable for large farms. Robotic weeder saves lots of time and spraying systems can increase efficiency with less than 95% of the chemical use than before. The GPS sensors mounted on the tractors can level the field with uniform tilling depth. The drones hovered in the sky can monitor the farm product, investigate the pest incidence. GPS and GIS models are used to plan the farm which provides real time information.
The automatic weather stations consisting of sensors to measure soil and air temperature, wind speed, humidity, precipitation, sunlight intensity and duration provides real time information which can be used to forecast weather, manage cropping pattern, harvesting and different farm operations.
In this last decade, precision agriculture has moved from science to good practices. Now, 80-90% of sold farm products have some form of precision model interventions. The integration of cost effective monitors and controllers coupled with data management systems precision agriculture is becoming more effective and user friendly. The next big step is marching towards integration of big data where farmer and agribusinesses can take advantage of data to boost profits, plan the farm and make it more sustainable. The rapid adoption of GPS has opened many doors of fortune to more autonomous farm equipment like driverless tractors. Today, it is possible to imagine farm filled with hundreds of robots doing their job from planting to harvesting.
This agriculture model is becoming mere a push of the button. Eventually, precision agriculture will take off farmers out of the entire loop. The low hanging fruit of next generation farming is shifting its history towards farming without farmers.